6th Copenhagen Multimodality Day 2020
This research seminar invites proposals for paper presentations related to Video ethnography, EMCA, multimodality and interaction analysis. We especially encourage paper presentations that deal with difficult methodological issues and/or presents novel solutions to methodological issues.
Invited keynote speaker: Professor Pentti Haddington.
The intricacy of achieving mutual understanding in multimodal social interaction
Pentti Haddington, University of Oulu
Focusing largely on talk, Conversation Analysis (CA) has shown that in everyday interaction participants assign a meaning to an action performed by a turn-at-talk on the basis of its composition (i.e. the verbal and vocal design of the turn) and its position in a sequence. As to the latter, CA has also shown how an action receives its meaning on the basis of the immediately preceding action, and simultaneously builds a context for interpreting the action following it (Schegloff, 2007). While there are other factors besides talk that contribute to the action import of a turn-at-talk (Levinson, 2013), action ascription and sequence organisation have been treated as fairly linear processes.
While talk (and by implication language and grammar) is the most important resource for social participants to build mutual understanding, it is not the only one. In addition to talk, other modalities – most notably embodiment and materiality – have an important role in people form actions and ascribe meanings to them (e.g. Goodwin, 2000; Mondada, 2019). Conversation analytic studies exploring such multimodal features of interaction (for an excellent overview of the ‘embodied turn’ in CA, see Nevile, 2015) seem to be leading to a more intricate view of the organisation of social interaction: interactants recognise and interpret each other’s conduct and actions not only by relying on various (multimodal) resources, but also in the midst of multiple activities, sequentialities and temporalities (Haddington, Keisanen, Mondada, & Nevile, 2014; Mondada, 2016, 2018).
This talk builds on findings and examples from recent research (Haddington, 2019; Kamunen & Haddington, submitted; Tuncer & Haddington, 2020; Vatanen & Haddington, submitted). First, it introduces interactional phenomena and practices from different settings that showcase how humans manage multiple sequentialities and temporalities in interaction. It will argued that rather than dealing with “”Why that now?” and “What is the relevant next?”, participants’ often deal with “Why not that now?”, “Why those now?” and “What is the most relevant next among the relevant nexts?” Second, it shows how participants orient to and act on the basis of non-verbal trajectories of action that may or may not be part of the activity they are already involved in. Finally, it will be argued that the intricacy of face-to-face interaction (i.e. involving multiple modalities, sequentialities and temporalities) is natural – and sometimes even essential – to the achievement of timely and intersubjective action in interaction. Nevertheless, interactional research is far from a comprehensive understanding of these intricate features of interaction and their significance.
The materials in the talk come from video-recorded naturally occurring interactions in families, workplaces and at homes. The languages in the data are Finnish and English. The presented research builds on research done in the project iTask: Linguistic and embodied features of interactional multitasking.
Goodwin, C. (2000). Action and embodiment within situated human interaction. Journal of Pragmatics, 32(10), 1489-1522.
Haddington, P. (2019). Leave-taking as multiactivity: Coordinating conversational closings with driving in cars. Language and Communication, 65, 58-78.
Haddington, P., Keisanen, T., Mondada, L., & Nevile, M. (2014). Towards multiactivity as a social and interactional phenomenon. In P. Haddington, T. Keisanen, L. Mondada, & M. Nevile (Eds.),Multiactivity in social interaction: Beyond multitasking (pp. 3–32). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins.
Kamunen, A., & Haddington, P. (submitted). Activity transitions as multiactivity: Practices for achieving dual orientation to an imminent next activity.
Levinson, S. (2013). Action formation and ascription. In J. Sidnell & T. Stivers (Eds.), The Handbook of Conversation Analysis (pp. 103-130). Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Mondada, L. (2016). Challenges of multimodality: Language and the body in social interaction.Journal of Sociolinguistics, 20(3), 336-366.
Mondada, L. (2018). Multiple Temporalities of Language and Body in Interaction: Challenges for Transcribing Multimodality. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 51(1), 85-106.
Mondada, L. (2019). Contemporary issues in conversation analysis: Embodiment and materiality, multimodality and multisensoriality in social interaction. Journal of Pragmatics, 145, 47-62.
Nevile, M. (2015). The Embodied Turn in Research on Language and Social Interaction. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 48(2), 121-151.
Schegloff, E. A. (2007). Sequence organization in interaction: A primer in conversation analysis (Vol. 1). Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
Tuncer, S., & Haddington, P. (in press, 2020). Object transfers: An embodied resource to progress joint activities and build relative agency. Language in Society.
Vatanen, A., & Haddington, P. (submitted). Accounting for (non-)conduct in multiactivity: Managing multiple sequential implicativenesses and prioritizing activities in family interaction.
Submission, abstracts and deadlines
Abstracts should not exceed 300 words and should include the title of the paper, research topic, method, empirical data, theoretical approach, findings and references.
The deadline for submitting abstracts is 1 July, 2020.
Please ensure that your abstract is anonymized by removing all features from the text and the document properties that may assist with identifying you as the author of the text.
There will be two presentation formats:
- Classic: 30 minutes long (20 min presentation + 10 min discussion).
- Short: 15 minutes long (10 min presentation + 5 min discussion)
Please indicate in the abstract which format you prefer.
Abstracts should be emailed to Brian Due.
The deadline for registration is Wednesday 30 September 2020 at 23:55. Register for the conference.
Organizing and scientific committee
The Centre for Interaction Research and Communication Design is organizing the research seminar and the scientific committee consists of Brian Due and Rikke Nielsen.
Any comments or questions should be addressed to Brian Due.